ICLEI European Secretariat

ICLEI European Secretariat



CCP Campaign

The global climate challenge

Climate change is one of the main environmental, socio-economic, political, and security challenges facing the world today. It requires urgent responses by many different actors. As climate change is already affecting many communities, and is also likely to impact on your citizens and municipality’s services, assets and infrastructure - in the building, energy, transport, water and waste sectors – this is a priority area for local action. Planning, implementing and monitoring responses – in both climate change mitigation and adaptation – are needed at the local community level.

ICLEI's approach

ICLEI strongly believes that local governments can – and should - play an important role in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and adapting to a changing climate. Not only are local and regional governments are in an ideal position to use their public influence, decision-making and purchasing powers to move their community forward in local climate action at a more rapid pace. They are also in a strong position to plan and respond faster that other levels of government – making them a key actor in global climate change response. ICLEI’s approach is unique with its focus on integrating sustainability into decision-making and implementation processes, and in local climate action.

ICLEI’s advocacy role

ICLEI acts as international Local Government Climate Roadmap facilitator, and is the Local Government and Municipal Authorities (LGMA) Constituency Focal Point of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It plays these roles in addition to its own Observer status at the UNFCCC, whereby ICLEI acts on behalf of Local Government facilitating dialogue with national governments and the UNFCCC Secretariat.

World Mayors Council on Climate Change (WMCCC)

The World Mayors Council on Climate Change (WMCCC) is an alliance of committed local government leaders advocating an enhanced recognition and involvement of Mayors in multilateral efforts addressing climate change and related issues of global sustainability.


International CCP campaign

Since the 1990s, ICLEI has called on municipalities to engage in local climate action and brought together cities and towns interested in this topic. It has assisted them to intensify their political commitments, and supported the implementation of effective strategies and actions. Established in 1993, the Cities for Climate ProtectionTM (CCP) Campaign was developed by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI) together with its members as a framework for action. For more details please visit the international CCP Campaign website - http://www.iclei.org/ccp.

The European CCP campaign

The European CCP Campaign covers the EU-27, the rest of Europe (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland ...), the Middle East and Newly Independent States (NIS) – currently with 176 cities, towns, counties and provinces from 19 countries in this region. All cities and towns – and their sub-national levels of government - in this geographic region are welcome to join the CCP Campaign.

The ‘CCP Basic’ package is offered for free to local governments in this geographical area - using the CCP 5- milestone methodology as a basic approach to local climate action (also recognised by the Covenant of Mayors). Tools are developed to assist reporting to the Covenant of Mayors by those communities signing up to this initiative.

Core CCP documents



CCP 5-milestone methodology


The universal approach of the CCP Campaign is called the CCP 5- milestone methodology. This is presented as a simple cycle, but contains multiple actions within each step – both for mitigation and adaptation. The cycle is implemented once, and then repeated until climate neutrality is achieved (optimising mitigation efforts, off-setting final GHGs, and adaptation to improve community resilience as far as is possible).



  Mitigation: Adaptation:
Milestone 1 Establish an inventory baseline and business-as-usual (BAU) forecast Identify climate impacts and conduct a climate vulnerability / opportunity / resilience assessment)
Milestone 2 Adopt an emissions reduction target for the forecast year Identify relevant adaptation strategies and implementation timeframe
Milestone 3 Develop and adopt a short-to-long-term Local Action Plan (LAP) Prioritise areas for action & develop a Local Action Plan
Milestone 4 Implement the LAP (Local Action Plan) Implement policies, systems improvements & adaptation measures
Milestone 5 Monitor, evaluate & report on results Monitor, evaluate & report on results