Circular Economy

To live in a truly sustainable society, we need to separate economic growth and human well-being from resource depletion and environmental degradation. This means replacing the linear "produce, consume, discard'' economic model with a circular model.

The transition to a circular economy endorses business models and economic behaviour patterns which maintain the value and utility of products, components, materials and nutrients for as long as possible in order to close material loops and minimise the use of harmful resources and the generation of waste.

ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability believes that while cities are the largest consumers of energy and materials, they also offer an opportunity to manage resources better and more efficiently.

Click on our Circular Economy Factsheet to read more.


75 signatories

of the

Circular Cities



12 EU-funded projects

supporting the circular transition

in 25 European cities.

The results achieved will be

replicated in 17 other cities across Europe.


48 demonstration

actions on circularity



"Cities embracing the circular economy model can unlock economic opportunities by promoting local businesses, creating green jobs, and attracting investments in innovative and sustainable industries."



Minna Arve, Member of ICLEI's European Regional Executive Committee
Mayor of Turku (Finland)



Find out more

If you have any questions:

Send an email to